This is the outer covering of the watch dial, which secures the watch’s movements. It can be made from a wide variety of metals ranging from stainless steel to platinum, and comes in various shapes, the most common ones being round, oval, square, rectangle and tonneau.
The glass-like covering that protects the dial of a watch is known as crystal. Depending upon the value of the watch, crystals are usually made of 3 kinds of materials:
The most prominent feature, the dial is also known as the face of a watch. It comes in a variety of materials and designs depending upon the watchmaker. The most common ways of marking the dial are Arabic numerals, Roman numerals, sticks and different combinations of the 3. Several dials come with sub-dials embedded within them that display additional complications like date and chronograph readouts. The sub-dial functions are usually controlled by a push button on the case.
Apart from indicating the hours, minutes and seconds, the hands play a major part in defining the look of the watch, depending upon their style, colour, shape and size. An age-old yet still commonly used design is ‘blued steel’, for which the steel is heated at extremely high temperatures until the colour changes to a dark navy blue. It was first used by legendary horologist Abraham-Louis Breguet in the 19th century to make the hands more visible.
The crown connects the internal movement of a watch to the outer case, enabling the user to wind it and adjust functions like date and time. Some crowns are of a screw-down nature, which can create a seal against the case to make it water-resistant.
A bezel is a ring snapped on to the case of the watch. Apart from securing the crystal in place and sometimes adding to the aesthetic value of the watch (a diamond-set bezel for instance), they are often used for tracking the diving time (diving bezel) and as a timed stopwatch (timing bezel).
Made from a variety of materials such as leather, rubber, vinyl or canvas, the strap snuggly secures your watch on to your wrist with the help of a buckle. In several watches, especially delicate ones made for women, the strap is replaced by a metal bracelet which lends the watch a more pristine, vintage look.
The buckle too varies in design depending upon the watchmaker and comes in 2 common variants.
Perhaps the most crucial part of a watch, the movement refers to the engine that drives the watch. Depending upon the make and functions of the watch, there are 4 main kinds of movements:
Written By : Neehar Mishra